Post Coital Test: which role in Infertility Evaluation.

sperm and post coital test

Used for many years in diagnosing of couple fertility, Post Coital Test (PCT) or Sims Huhner Test is not free from controversies but still remains an useful and indispensable test in infertility evaluation. The purpose of the Post Coital Test is to evaluate characteristics (quantity and motility) of sperm in cervical mucus after the sexual…

Twin Pregnancy

twin pregnancy

TWIN PREGNANCY (or multiple pregnancy) is a reproductive phenomena of great interest, especially because of its maternal and fetal problems entails. Twin pregnancy frequency can be estimated at about 2-3 cases per 100 pregnancies with a higher prevalence in African populations and lowest in Asians. Increase recorded in Western countries in the last decades is…

Ultrasound Bone Densitometry

osteoporosis

There are various different procedures that can measure bone density: dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), which uses a special x-ray scanning machine to measure bone density is the most popular technique as it is fast and highly accurate. Currently, bone densitometry tests are the only accurate measurements of bone mass and fracture risk. ULTRASOUND BONE MINERALOMETRY…

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

thyroid ultrasound

ase because is determined by a self-aggression of the immune system. It means that the production of antibodies and killer cells into the thyroid tissue determines the progressive destruction and the frequent development towards the HYPOTHYROIDISM, that is a reduction of the gland functional activity. Patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis have very variable SYMPTOMATOLOGY correlated to…

Ectopic pregnancy

tubal pregnancy

ECTOPIC PREGNANCY (also called Extrauterine Pregnancy) is that pregnancy which starts with a fertilized oocyte implants outside the uterine cavity or in an unusual environment within the uterus itself. The most frequent ectopic pregnancies implant in the Fallopian Tube (95% of cases); other implant environments are uterine cervix, ovary, tubal corners and other abdominal organs.…

Miscarriage: incidence, causes, treatment.

embryo at 9 weeks pregnant

MISCARRIAGE: MAIN CAUSE OF MORTALITY Perhaps few people know that in our species (the Human species) the period of life in which we have greater risk of dying is the period from conception to birth. In the first 12 weeks of gestation mortality rate is very high: in this period occurs about 80% of spontaneous…